Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of concerns
It is crucial to tell apart interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing as a genre. In the 1st case, meeting, this is certainly, interaction with individuals, is regarded as 3 ways to acquire information by way of a researcher. Two different ways are:
- observation, as soon as the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness regarding the occasion,
- using the services of documents, where in fact the document means any product carrier containing texts and images.
Kinds of interviews and their function
Interviews as a technique of information gathering in turn are split into:
- genre (for preparation of text when you look at the genre of interview),
- investigative (for information),
- reportage (to determine the faculties of an individual, then to mirror them into the text).
The reportage interview was discussed when you look at the past chapter. Concerning the investigative shall find out when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme for this chapter is meeting as being a genre, as a way of text formatting by means of questions from a interviewer while the responses of this interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, in which the wide range of concerns of the researcher is minimized (often they are not any after all), during the other pole – a discussion affordable papers biz, as soon as the journalist not only asks concerns, but additionally talks much with long arguments.
The truth that the interview is a discussion, shows in regards to the exact same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. When you look at the usual interview, the interviewer responses simply take 70-90% of this text. A conversation could be conducted with a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion of this journalist has also been interesting to visitors, due to the fact viewpoint for the interlocutor. If a regular journalist speaks just as much or even more in a job interview as an interlocutor, this will be a sign of inadequate qualification.
Types of interviews according to the subject. Subject meeting
With respect to the topic, you can find three kinds of interviews:
Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in virtually any industry of activity. Usually that is a job interview with an expert, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to your journalist exactly as much as he could be associated with this state of affairs. For example, a police officer informs how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician explains how to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The economic advisor makes a forecast just how long the crisis will undoubtedly be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on conditions that deviate through the interview topic, nor the private lifetime of the interlocutor is of great interest.
The dwelling associated with topic interview consists of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The subject interview stops using the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical suggestions to readers.
The hero associated with the topic meeting can be an eyewitness or participant in the case. It is information meeting, among the news genres. The job for the journalist is always to learn whenever you can the main points and information on just what occurred. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.